If you are taking a class you did before or your friend completed, sometimes you may feel the temptation to submit the same papers. In this post, we explain how to reuse old papers and effectively avoid self-plagiarism when you are re-taking class in college.
If you do it right, you will do just fine. However, you may be flagged for plagiarism if you do not handle it well. To understand this better, let us first know what self-plagiarism is.
Self-plagiarism can be defined as the use of one’s previous work in a new context without citing the previous use of the work. In college or universities, self-plagiarism takes the form of using your old paper in another class and presenting it to your professor as a new one.
It does not really matter the type of work, whether an essay paper or any kind of data, it is dishonest to present work that you have already received credit for.
Just as writers are required to cite other writers’ work, they must do the same to their own previous work, especially when they retake a class.
Another form of self-plagiarism occurs when authors of a certain study separate aspects of the study to aid in several different publications.
Self-plagiarism can be a form of copyright infringement when research used has been previously published. Read more on this in our guide on how to cheat Turnitin and learn more tricks.
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If you retake a class and you want to reuse papers, the most effective ways to avoid self-plagiarism are paraphrasing, referencing, changing the topic, and using past work as a model for new ones in the new course.
Others include using the sources only and getting inspiration from them. Let’s discuss each of these in detail.
Paraphrasing can be defined as using your own words to write a paper or work of almost the same length as the original in order to avoid plagiarism.
In order to paraphrase your own work and make it new again you can:
Citing your own work can help you avoid self-plagiarism. This can be simply done by creating your own work that you presented earlier as an unpublished paper.
For example, if Sean Wright wanted to cite something that he had included in his work in the year 2016, one may cite it in the current paper as:
If the work had citations from other different sources, the same citations also need to be included in the new work. For example, if Sean Wright in his previous work had cited Catherine White, the new citation will be:
According to Wright (2016), demographist Catherine (2014) provides several effects of population increase on the country’s economy (p. 12).
Citing when summarizing other sources.
It is important to cite even when summarizing in order to show where your information and ideas came from. There are three forms of citing when writing summaries for academic submission:
Through these citations, the study ideas are clearly shown and their origin known.
If you feel you are not conversant with this, you can request help writing non-plagiarized papers from a homework help expert.
Changing the topic can help you as a writer avoid self-plagiarism. It will help you research the topic in a different view and reframe your ideas to fit a different purpose.
You will mostly avoid duplicating your ideas on the previous topic. Pass through your previous work just to make sure that there are no similarities between the current and the previous work.
When dealing with views that are strongly held the probability of plagiarism is high and the writer must anticipate this in advance before writing.
Treating the new topic as someone else’s work will help increase the focus and reduce the chances of possible plagiarism.
When reusing previous papers, it should be purposely for the support of new ideas and not replacing them. Previous content can support a new point you are putting across or provide extra information on the topic you are writing about.
Remember that the text you are writing must be original. Writers should try minimizing the usage of old sources to minimize the chances of self-plagiarism.
One can refer to successful past papers for motivation. You are able to remember the strategies you used to write the paper and you can apply the same strategies to write new work.
Instead of reusing old papers and get flagged off, you can effectively avoid self-plagiarism by using them as models; especially when you are re-taking your class again.
Turnitin has a database with records of all content submitted through it. Turnitin also has agreements with several academic proprietary databases.
As we determined in our guide on whether Turnitin detects self-plagiarism, it is easy for the scanner to know your own plagiarism. Turnitin compares content in its database with the content submitted to identify plagiarism in a document.
Yes, you can copy your own work without plagiarising if the previous document is not duplicated to look similar to the new one and by citing the sources of your already published content in the new content.
No, this is because Turnitin keeps a record of your papers and therefore it can notice similarities in the new paper.
However, you can request your paper be returned to you and plagiarism in your new paper will not be detected if the paper is not on the database. One should note that plagiarism under any circumstance is unethical.
Yes, you can, but this will be self-plagiarism and can land you in trouble with your teacher for cheating. However, you can use your old papers as inspiration for writing new ones.
When you present your previous ideas in a new essay you will not have plagiarised. The notion that you can use your work over and over again because you are the author is dubious.
Copying and pasting content directly can easily be noticed by plagiarism checkers.
Therefore, writers should paraphrase the copied work using their own words to avoid plagiarism. Writers can cite their work and use quotes and references to escape the plagiarism test.
Papers submitted in one class or already published work cannot be used again in another class. It is unethical.
To reuse content one should paraphrase it, cite the content and reference or quote the content in the new paper.
No, when submitting the same kind of paper in different classes make significant changes that will make the papers look different. The paper checked first will make the other plagiarised hence leading to low or no credit for your work.
Yes, you can plagiarize the dictionary if you don’t properly attribute the source of information.
How much work is being copied, the purpose and nature of the work and view of the copyright holder can determine fair use of dictionaries regarding copyright violations.
If you correctly cite the sources of information and adhere to rules of the different citation styles in your content, then you’re not guilty of plagiarizing. However, citing is not enough, one must paraphrase, quote and reference the content to increase the chances of avoiding plagiarism.
Yes, you can accidentally paraphrase by forgetting to cite the sources of the content, failing to show references and by forgetting to quote words said by different people in your content.
Poor paraphrasing can also lead to accidental plagiarizing and therefore one needs to master the skill perfectly.
Legally, plagiarism has consequences. Copyright laws term plagiarism as a criminal offence and give authors a right to sue plagiarists. If found guilty the plagiarist can pay fines or serve a prison sentence.
Yes, most experienced and knowledgeable teachers and professors who have come across many writing contents can easily identify plagiarism and the original sources.
Students may change some sentences that may make lecturers not notice plagiarism. Lectures in turn use plagiarism checkers.
If you are guilty of plagiarizing, own the blame and don’t give excuses and apologize to the owner of the original work that you plagiarized. You should also apologize to the recipient who you planned to deceive.
Writing is a skill different from paraphrasing. If one is poor at paraphrasing or does not have enough time to go through bulky contents and paraphrase it, using paraphrasing tools to get the content paraphrased cannot be termed as cheating.
No, plagiarism checkers will not spare the copy-pasted work in the presence of citations. Therefore, you should paraphrase and quote the content where necessary before submitting the paper to the instructor.
Yes, you can get expelled or get suspended from school if there is clear evidence of self plagiarism in your paper.
If you submit a paper that you had previously submited or published online without stating that it was previously used, then your school can easily take disciplinary measures against you.
Watch more on the issue of self-plagiarism from an educational point of view