5 Parts of an Introduction Paragraph in an Essay or Paper

Parts of introduction paragraph of an essay

Parts of introduction paragraph of an essay

Every essay or paper you come up with must begin with an introduction paragraph. An introduction paragraph allows you to introduce or present your paper to your readers.

Ideally, you should begin the introductory process by presenting a wider scope of the topic and gradually narrowing the scope to come up with a more focused point.

Depending on the length of your essay or paper, the introduction part may contain one or two paragraphs. We took a poll from our essay writers and found that most introductions are done in only one paragraph.

A short essay or paper will contain a one-paragraph introduction while a longer paper may contain two paragraphs. It all depends on the content to be incorporated into the introduction paragraph.

Parts of an Introduction Paragraph in an Essay or Paper

The introduction should also explain your new perspectives towards the topic, provide a roadmap of your writing, and hook the audience so that they can read the essay. In doing so, the introduction sentence elaborates on the stakes at hand and establishes your credibility/authority as a writer.

The main parts of an introduction paragraph of your essay are; attention grabber, topic description, explanation of the topic’s relevance, an outline the main points, and the thesis of the paper.

For easy reference and understanding, we can brake a good introduction paragraph into five main parts. The following are the five parts and the function each plays in the paragraph;

  1. Opening Statement or Question – Grabs the Attention
  2. The Topic Statement – Introduces the Topic
  3. Relevance sentence – Validates the Topic
  4. The Main Points – Outlines the Essay’s body
  5. Thesis Statement – Gives the Purpose of the essay
5 components of introduction paragraph

Let us comprehensively explore all these components in detail. Each section below explains what those parts of a paragraph entail and the reasons they should be incorporated into every introduction of essays or papers.

1. Opening Statement or Question – Grabs the Attention

This should be the first part of an introduction. It is a way of getting the attention of your readers so that they can continue reading your essay or paper.

A good opening statement or question makes a person who is not interested in reading your paper to instantly want to know what your paper is all about.

No matter how good the body part of your essay/paper is, a poorly written opening statement that does not evoke a reader’s curiosity will most likely reduce their curiosity to read more.

The opening statement or question acts as a first impression that will determine the readers’ willingness to read. Here, you can choose to start your paragraph with either a statement or a question depending on the essay’s purpose.

If you decide to start with an opening statement, ensure that it is an interesting statement your readers want to know more about. For an opening question, pose a question that is interesting and relates to the essay’s purpose.

2. The Topic Statement – Introduces the Topic

This part should come immediately after the opening statement or question. Though you can choose to expound a little concerning the opening part, you should not waste a lot of time.

Essay Topic Statement

In this part of an introduction paragraph for essay/paper, you should tell your readers more about the topic and what it is all about.

The reason for doing so immediately after the attention-grabber is to ensure that the readers connect the topic to what has aroused their curiosity.

The part of introducing the topic should also provide some background information about the particular purpose of your essay or paper.

This is a very important part because it helps your readers to perceive the reason behind your topic selection. It helps the reader to understand why you are writing about the specific topic instead of others.

Providing relevant background information about the purpose of the essay will also ease the transition of your readers to the main points of the paper or essay.

This is the reason why there is a part within the introduction sometimes referred to as the “transitional part”.

3. The Relevance Sentence – Validates the Topic

This part explains the relevance of the topic to the readers. This should come between the opening statement/introduction of the topic and thesis statement.

It is important to transition your readers from being curious to want to learn from what you are writing about. Otherwise, why should your readers continue to read your essay or paper?

This part should demonstrate the relevance of the topic to your readers by helping them relate the issues that will be discussed to their perspectives.

Again, this part of the introduction paragraph bridges the attention grabber to the topic so that the topic can be relevant to the readers. Note that the readers’ attention has been grabbed because it is something relatable to their perspectives.

Therefore, connecting the attention grabber to the topic demonstrates the topic’s relevance to the reader.

Here, you can also provide some more background information concerning the reason why the attention-grabber is relevant to the topic and the readers.

4. The Main Points – outlines the essay’s body

Though the outline of the main points has been taken as the last part of the introduction paragraph, it should not come after the thesis statement.

The thesis should be the last sentence of your introduction paragraph. In some cases, the outline of the main points can be summarized and incorporated within the thesis statement.

In cases where the thesis statement and the summary of the outline are separate parts, then the latter should come before the thesis statement. Ideally, this part should provide your readers with an overview of the main points.

4. Thesis Statement – Gives the Purpose of the essay

This is the most important part of your introduction paragraph. It is a clear statement, normally a complete sentence, providing the overall point you are going to make within the body paragraphs of your paper.

Thesis statement part

The thesis statement states the argument of your paper.

The thesis statement or purpose should be clear and straightforward.

If it is a different statement, however, you should not write it as a question or a complete/conclusive statement.

Read more on how to write a thesis statement on our guide on how to write essays and learn more.

Let the thesis statement allow your readers to have other thoughts concerning the topic so that you can use the rest of your paper to convince them about your stand.

How to Write an Introduction for an Essay

Now that we have discussed the main parts of an introduction paragraph for essay/paper, it is important to understand how to write an introduction for the same.

This is because you may know the main parts of the introduction paragraph and fail to understand how to write them. Don’t worry. In this section, we are going to discuss how to write an introduction for an essay.

As aforementioned, the introduction of your essay or paper should hook the audience so that they can read the whole essay or paper, describe the topic, explain the relevance of your topic, and elaborate the stakes at hand.

It should also establish your credibility/authority as a writer, explain your new perspectives towards the topic, provide a roadmap of your writing, outline the main points, and finally state the purpose or thesis of your paper.

Keeping this in mind, you can easily follow the different strategies of writing the introduction. Explaining the whole essay in brief is the main purpose of writing an introduction of an essay, and any other text, not just papers.

When writing an opening statement, make sure to hook the audience. You can do this by posing an interesting question or fact that should arouse the curiosity of your readers.

Such statements or questions can also be controversial or provocative depending on your paper’s nature. The second option is to write a little known or surprising fact that connects with your topic.

This is where you begin with: “Did you know that…” You can also start with a quote. The most important thing to note here is that when writing an opening statement, you should provide something interesting and relevant to the topic.

Naming the Topic

When you are writing the second part of the introduction paragraph concerning the topic introduction, make sure that you have named your topic.

At the same time, provide an explanation for your topic in such a way that it resonates with your readers. If your essay or paper is meant to be read by your instructor, then you should write at the level he or she can relate to and understand best. On the other hand, if your peers will read the essay, then you should write at their level of understanding.

When it comes to writing a summary of the main points, make sure that you attune the main points to the thesis statement. In doing this, use the General to Specific structure to introduce the essay well.

This is because they will help explain and defend your thesis statement that will be located at the end of the introduction paragraph.

While writing this part, give the readers a general perspective of how your points within the paper will be organized. One good example of organizing points is the Jane Schaffer method which has a specific way to present points

Finally, when coming up with a thesis statement, decide if you are going to incorporate a summary of the main points within it or it is going to be a different statement.

To learn more about how to write every part of essay writing, read our comprehensive step-by-step guide on how to write an essay, and learn all that you need. In that guide, you will know how to write an introduction, an outline, body paragraphs, conclusion, and formatting of an essay.

Here is a video tutorial on the parts of an introductory paragraph.

YouTube video
Alicia Smart
Alicia Smart
With over 10 years in academia and academic assistance, Alicia Smart is the epitome of excellence in the writing industry. She is our chief editor and in charge of the writing department at Grade Bees.

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